Monday, August 8, 2011

GOAL KEEPER INSTRUCTION - Tecniques and Decision-Making

Goalkeeper development is the most neglected area of youth soccer. In a typical team practice, the keeper is virtually ignored; yet, in typical match, he receives much or all the blame for a goal. there is no justification for this. The only solution is to concentrate on the needs of the goalkeeper, and spend more time on her development.

The keeper must function as part of a team; anything that unduly separates her from the field players may harm team unity. The current vogue of or excessive flair, unusual dress, overly large gloves, and a permissive attitude on the part of the keeper only undermines this cohesion. As Joe Machnik says, "The goalkeeper really is No.1, but must always prove it by performances".

State of the art goalkeeper instruction emphasize the similarities, rather than the difference, between this position and any field position. This is because the keeper, like any other player, must make decisions and protect the space behind her. In this context, footwork is of vital importance. After all, keeper must cover ground, change direction, leap, dive, dribble, and kick; all this requires as much footwork as a field player. Therefore the goalie should be first and foremost a soccer player, capable of all field techniques and tactics. At the youth level, every field player should be given keeper instruction and experience. Without field experience, a goalie is tactically impoverished. Like defenders, keeper need to proper mental disposition, especially a positive outlook regarding their ability do deny goals. They must exemplify mental toughness. Keeper often see all goals as saveable and a result of their own error, though this is fallacy. Nevertheless, this attitude frequently causes them to try to rectify all causes of goals. As long as this personal responsibility outlook remains positive, this can be a great asset to any team. In addition, keeper must be highly motivated to work  independently at times.

Physically goalies should be good athletes and also be extremely agile. Size is not critical, but quickness ability is. Keeper should know the height of their vertical jump, and train to increase it. Total fitness, flexibility, agility, power and leaping ability are great assets. Good hand are an absolute must. Training with a bounce-able medicine ball will dramatically enhance strength, toughness, and techniques. see the post article "Using the medicine ball in developing techniques".

As in overall player instruction, the starting point is technique and decision-making. For safety reasons, techniques are only as good as the decisions of how and when to use them. Therefore, as they learn to catch, box, dive, throw and kick, they must at the same time learn to apply these skills intelligently to the game. The foundation of course is to understand and implement the principles of player role. As a final defender, keeper thoroughly aware of the roles of D1, D2 and D3. Only then they will understand what is happening on the field and be able to link with the rest of the team.

Like any field player, keeper becomes the first A1 when he has the ball, and will try to penetrate with a good pass. When wing-back has the ball, the keeper may become A2, offering support. Similarly, the goalie becomes D1 on a breakaway and must protect the space, the goal, behind him. The point is the keeper is bound by the same principles as the field player.

The goalie is 1st and foremost a decision-maker. Therefore, every keeper training session must concentrate on the major areas of decision-making; namely, breakaways, crosses and dead ball situations.

Breakaway is an exciting play that not only tests keeper's decision-making, but also their courage. Timing is the key in all cases. Most importantly element is to be int the "Get Set" position when the shot is taken. Even if hes angle is not perfect, he must get ready to react to shot. He must be balanced on both feet, able to move in any direction. The feet are shoulder width apart, the weight is on the toes, knees are bent and hands partially extended at the sides. In order to see all the various types of attacker(Distance, Angles) goalie should taught how to deal with each particular shot and angle, as well as in-swingers and out-swingers.   

The 2nd major area is crosses. begin with dead ball crosses, the training should involve balls to be caught, boxed, parried, deflected, and when too far away, left for a field player. Keeper are placed in the proper decision making environment, and techniques is perfected in this environment. Begin with a single receiver. Work up to body contact gradually. As a keeper gain confidence and are no longer intimidated by being jostled, add more receivers Progress to a game of 4 or even more attackers versus 4 defenders. Before more complex activities can be attempted, keepers must be able to read the flight of the ball and make a good decision to deal with it. In this way keepers will learn how to attack a ball that has 4 or 5 players who are attempting to control it. 2 commands are fundamental: usually keepers call out with authority "KEEPER!" for any ball that they will attack, and"AWAY!" for any ball that a teammate must handle.