Friday, October 28, 2011

FIFA WORLD CUP 1962 - Part 1


On June 10, 1956, at the FIFA Congress in Lisbon, it was decided that Chile would host the Seventh World Cup - a surprise, the result of the efforts of Carlos Dittiborn, born in Rio de Janeiro, but of Chilean decent, who had always lived in Chile. His goals was to prove that Chile had what it takes to host the World Cup, and he succeeded. Unfortunately, on April 28, 1962, one month before the opening of the Cup, Carlos Dittiborn died. As a tribute, the Chileans did everything in their power to make it a great Cup. Dittiborn's phrase, "Because we have nothing, we will do our utmost..," was heard in every stadium.

Fifty-six countries signed up for the Cup, which was a new record, proof of FIFA's progress and of the growing interest in soccer.

The Cup was held from May 30 to June 17, 1962. It was cold in Chile, but the weather was good for soccer. Brazil, the prior winner, and Chile, the host, automatically qualified. The groups for the qualifying matches to fill the 14 berths in finals were as follows:

Europe, 10 groups with 27 national teams; Africa, 2 groups with 4 national teams; Asia 1 group with 2 national teams; South America, 3 groups with 6 national teams; and the Far East and Africa, 1 group with 3 national teams.

After qualifying matches it was clearly that the Cup was again to be a battle between South America, represented by Brazil, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay, and Columbia, and Europe, including Germany, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, England, Hungary, Bulgaria, and the USSR.

On January 18, 1962, in Santiago, the groups were drawn, following the format used in Sweden. Group1 would be playing in Arica, Group2 in Santiago, Group3 in Viña del Mar, and Group4 in Rancagua. In Santiago the games would be in the modern and comfortable National Stadium with a seating capacity of 75,000. In Arica, a new stadium was being built with a god field and in good condition. In Viña, the city would refurbish the Sausalito stadium. In Rancagua, the American firm, Anaconda, was to finance the construction of stadium for 25,000 spectators. All Chile was hard at work, so that nothing would be lacking.

The Cup's soccer was violent, excessively so, and at one point, after the first games, the disciplinary committee called and emergency meeting of all the referees, hoping to improve matters. Some of the games were truly "open combat."

On May 30, in Viña del Mar, Brazil played Mexico, with the Swiss referee Dienst officiating. Brazil won 2-0, with Pele and Zagalo scoring their only 1962 World Cup goals. The team had 9 of the players from the 1958 Cup finals. Mauro stood in for Bellini, and Zozimo replaced Orlando. both in defense. The coach was Aymore Moreira in place of a sick Feola. In the same stadium in vakia and the unexpected happened - Pele was hurt. He continued to play since the substitution was not yet allowed, but his injury was a real setback for Brazil. Brazil tied with the excellent Czechs, 0-0. Spain beat Mexico on May 3. Brazil finished the first round on may 6, playing against Spain before 19,000 spectators. Adelardo scored for Spain, putting them up 1-0 at the 35 minute mark. Brazil was extremely nervous, but was able to wake up at the last minute with Amarildo, playing for Pele, scoring two life-saving goals with the help of Garrincha in the 27th and 41st minutes. Brazil was in the next round, but barely.

In the other groups, the USSR and Yugoslavia eliminated Colombia and Uruguay. The most sensational game was the Soviets tying with the Colombians 4-4. In group 2, there were some true battles, Chile and Italy and Germany vs Italy; Germany placed first and Chile second. They both went on to the next round on its goal count.